our name was Greenhough, but not long after settlement in SOUTH
AUSTRALIA, the then COLONIALS decided the name was too long and
too "TOFFY", therefore the name was shortened to GREEN,
according to information passed on to me from my father WILLIAM
AMBROSE GREEN, son THOMAS GREEN, son of THOMAS & CATHERINE
GREENHOUGH. Our Grandparents were THOMAS & PHILLIS GREEN OF
COLLINSFIELD VIA SOUTH AUSTRALIA.
GREEN eldest son of THOMAS & CATHERINE GREENHOUGH, of above,
GREEN second child of above, School Teacher
GREEN third child of above, Farmer, Western District, Victoria
GREEN fourth child of above, Farmer, Naracoorte South East,
grandfather, James Thomas Greenhaught, came from CHESHIRE ENGLAND.
Great Grandma, Mary O'Toole, originally came from DUBLIN IRELAND
to LIVERPOOL COUNTY CHESHIRE ENGLAND.
married I believe in LIVERPOOL, and sailed from that port, and
arrived at PORT ADELAIDE in 1840. Great grandfather was Protestant,
and great grandmother was Catholic.
like all new settlers to this virgin country and this new Colony
of South Australia presumably built their thatched tent and settled
with the other settlers on the banks of the River Torrens near
where the Festival Centre is today, for some time. Great Grandpa
could read and write which so many of the new settlers were unable
to do due to harsh circumstances. Soon they were settled in Angus
Street, where he was put in charge of goods that came by ship
to the Colony in a warehouse, as every pin, nail, tack, tea etc.
had to be brought by sailing ship from England and invoiced here.
of these ships floundered and were lost on our treacherous coast
which is ridden with rocky reefs and created such a short supply
of necessary goods.
some years great grandfather saved sufficient money to buy and
become the first farmer of the new district of WALKERVILLE. For
some years ADELAIDE was the only area, or council; then as the
population grew they then formed the new WARD of WALKERVILLE.
It appears the area started just across the River Torrens near
HACKNEY to an area north. It was just across the Torrens near
Hackney on the ground where Channel 10 is now built. He built
his house of mud, as were so many in the early days of the Colony,
they proved to be very durable, warm in winter, and cool in summer.
It was still standing near the banks of the Torrens when my family
came to live in Adelaide from Redhill SA in 1925, my father proudly
pointing out to Mother and my sisters. It was demolished when
Channel 10 built their studio and bought the surrounding ground.
the first few years of colonisation there was only the council
area known as ADELAIDE. When expansion began the people moved
north, and it was then that the council of WALKERVILLE was formed.
Great grandfather's farm was in the council of WALKERVILLE just
over the river Torrens. I presume what is now part of St. Peters.
As the government built bridges over the river Torrens which was
a rather longer and wider river than it is today hence when in
flood a huge volume of water flowed down stream and a lot of ADELAIDE
was flooded, the temporary bridges washed away and very deep and
dangerous holes occurred in many places along the banks.
of the early citizens when attempting to cross the river supplies
etc. were very sadly drowned. One
of these was our great grandfather Greenhough.
grandfather met his untimely death possibly near a very deep hole
near his home. His wife was left with small children, eldest of
our grandfather Green. Then his wife Catherine with her young
family moved near Salisbury.
I believe life was very hard. On Sundays our grandfather would
walk with his mother 5 miles to Mass and 5 miles home arriving
home late in the afternoon.
before great grandfather was drowned; when his children were born
he had them registered as GREEN only, not GREENHOUGH. However
my father William Green decided if he and his wife, my mother
Margaret Monica (nee HAYES) had a son, they were going to revert
to the name of Greenhough, but unfortunately they only had daughters
(4). Hence still the name of Green.
was the custom in England when the father of the family died,
the eldest son inherited whatever, and all the money of his father's
deceased estate. However, our grandfather Thomas Green was a very
devoted son and brother. Instead of claiming his rightful inheritance
he went to work, mostly shearing along the Darling River Stations
until he had enough money, after working very hard to care for
his mother, sister and then to divide the money between himself
and his two brothers, John and James. I presume his mother had
died by now as he looked after his sister MaryAnn.
brother John went to the Western district of Victoria, bought
land, became a farmer and settled there permanently. I have a
letter written by him to our grandfather Thomas Green in their
later lives. I shall get a copy of this letter and let you have
Jim (James) Green settled on a property in the South East of South
Australia near the town of Naracoorte and became a very wealthy
man. He married in later life to Lillina Davies a cousin of Dr.
Ruby Davies a musician of the Elder Conservatorium Adelaide. They
had two sons, Arthur and John and one daughter Lillian who married
Sir Douglas Mason's navigator of his ship to the South Pole expedition.
Lillian and her husband Kenith lived in England after their marriage.
Kenith sadly died soon after World War II due to strain on his
naval career. My father and mother saw Uncle Jim and his wife
frequently after they retired to Brighton Adelaide where he lived
a long life into his eighties. His sons Arthur and John remained
in the South East and now their sons have inherited their properties.
Uncle Jim's grandson John married in the 1950's a Beauty Queen
a Miss South Australia. These families are well represented today
in the Naracoorte and Mt. Gambier areas.
I believe also applied to John's descendants in Victoria, as some
years ago my sister Eileen Daly came in contact with some of the
descendants of Uncle John, as does our grandfather Thomas Green's
descendants in Adelaide, Red Hill and Lower North of South Australia.
Green, our grandfather, then decided to go north, where be bought
a small farm situated at GOYDERS PLAINS, taking his only sister
MaryAnn to live at the farm, where she house kept for her brother.
This farm was not far from Port Wakefield. They settled with just
the minimum amount of furniture as did most settlers in those
early days of colonisation, due to very little money, their all
purpose cedar table, which I possess now from my father, was used
as kitchen come all purpose of which Grandpa Green and Aunt MaryAnn
were very proud.
Aunt MaryAnn, Uncle James and Uncle John, Grandpa's brothers all
has an elementary education which was rare in those days with
the new settlers, as the country state schools were not built
until late 1860's and hence so many of this generation unfortunately
found difficulty in reading and writing.
MaryAnn qualified as a teacher; she then decided to teach at near
Port Wakefield. She established her own private school charging
according to that time the big sum of money of one shilling per
week per pupil. This sum of one shilling per week in the 1860's
this was a very large amount as the basic wage was then in the
vicinity of seven shillings and six pence per week for a man to
keep his wife and family.
met an elderly woman from Blythe some years ago, I think her name
was Miss Sykes in fact I nursed her [the author was a registered
nurse] not long before this sweet
woman died. She told me she had trained as a nursing sister at
Calvary Hospital [North Adelaide] soon after Calvary opened as
a training school for nurses, there during her training she nursed
Grandpa Green as he was dying. One thing which touched the nuns
and nurses was, this dear old man wished his hat which he wore
on his wedding day to be put in his coffin said Miss Sykes. I
believe, according to my father he just adored our Grandma.
woman (Miss Sykes) then told me how proud her family was, as their
mother was educated by Miss MaryAnn Green at her private school.
Aunt MaryAnn traveled by horse back to her school and back to
her brother's farm house (Grandpa's) each day as she also kept
house for him.
Aunt MaryAnn met a young man, a Master Mariner -a ship's captain
presumably at Port Wakefield, this port was a very busy one, as
grain and wool was transported from there to overseas markets.
MaryAnn Green married Captain Hill, the ship's Mariner and had
five children. They eventually moved to live in Perth Western
Australia. Four of their children also became school teachers.
eldest daughter of this union of marriage, as so often happened,
stayed at home and helped her mother to run the home, helping
to look after the younger children, she did not marry. I am in
touch, just rarely, with two of this family's grandchildren of
grandfather Green now on his own met and fell in love with a very
beautiful young English woman, PHILLIS BURGESS, also living with
her mother and stepfather at Port Wakefield. Grandma's mother
left England, as a widow with her only child Phillis -our Grandma
aged, five years.
Grandma married a Mr. Chatfield, also an Englishman, at Port Wakefield
where they lived, had a family for many years. In retirement they
moved to live at Balaklava..
aged 17 years married Grandpa Green in the Salisbury Catholic
Church about 1867 I believe. Grandma Green, as a Burgess, was
of course Church England, before becoming a Roman Catholic when
she married Grandpa Green a very devout Catholic.
lived happily at the farm at Goyder Plains via Balaklava where
they had four children. The eldest Mary Agatha, second child Catherine,
third child Archibald, fourth child Ellen.
a wealthy English family well known in this State by the name
of BOWMAN decided they wanted to buy all the land miles east of
Goyder Plains westwards to and over the South Hummocks to form
a station after which they named the station, Parryora.
Mr. Bowman approached Grandpa Green, as was told to me from my
father by Grandma Green, he thought about it deeply, then asked
Grandma, as Mr. Bowman had offered Grandpa, according to my father,
what Grandma said was at that time the enormous amount of 3 (three
pounds) per acre. According to my father Grandma said to Grandpa
take it with BOTH HANDS, which then of course he decided to sell
at this enormous price to Mr. Bowman.
green then having paid his mortgage on his farm, and with a very
handsome bank balance according to those times, journeyed north
and bought a farm named BROOKLYN, one mile from the small town
of Collinsfield. The town of Collinsfield is shown on the early
maps "known as maps of hundreds of such and such areas of
early development in South Australia". I have recently seen
a map at the National Trust House, Beaumont, Adelaide. Grandma
journeyed up to the new farm with her children in the spring cart
and horse, whilst Grandpa came up with the wagon etc. They lived
at the home at the farm of Brooklyn where my father born for a
town of Collinsfield was to be closed as the new town of REDHILL
was to become the town centre for that and surrounding areas.
Grandpa then decided to buy the town of Collinsfield about 1886.
father William was born at Brooklyn in 1885 and according to my
father he was 12 months old when Grandpa and Grandma and their
children moved to Collinsfield where Grandpa closed the hotel
which became the family home.
town consisted of the hotel, family home, the butcher's shop,
I believe became the harness shop, the general store, became the
barn, which I played in with my cousins Tom, and Nessy often when
I stayed with their parents Uncle Tom and Aunty Ethel. A school
and school house where school was attended by Grandpa's children
and the children of that area until the Red Hill school open in
1875 or 1876. The stables of course were used by Grandpa.
loft some distance from the hotel then became the western end
upstairs part became the family skating rink, down stairs the
buggy house, down stairs eastern side the wash-house and utility
place, upstairs eastern side the working men's rooms.
Grandparents, Thomas and Phillis Green had 13 children, of which
five of their babies died in infancy, about the ages of between
12 and 14 months. We think may be they could have died of Cystic
Fibrosis as our Grandma was an undiagnosed diabetic as this condition
so very seldom was diagnosed in those infant days of medicine.
Also my father William was a devastating asthmatic as was an Aunt.
Agather (sic) born 1873. Married Mr. John Cummins
Catherine born 1875 married Mr Edmond Cummins
Archibald born 1876 married Miss Mary Giles
Child born abt 1877 died in infancy
Ellen born 1878 married Mr Francis Burns
John born abt 1879 died in infancy
James born 1881 died in infancy
Laurence born 1883 died in infancy
William Ambrose born 1885 married Monica Hayes
Phillis born 1887, Single, born at the Peppers, Collinsfield
Agnes born 1888 married Mr Murray Fullers, born at the Peppers
Thomas born 1889 married Miss Ethel
Mary Madeline born 1890 died in infancy
five little babies' graves were tenderly looked after when our
Grandparents left the district by Aunty Ethel Green, then married
Thomas Green where they lived at the Peppers, Collinsfield.
and Grandma's sons' inheritances:-
Archibald, their eldest son inherited a farm a few miles north
west from his parents when he married, mortgage free and death
second son William Ambrose, when he married inherited from parents
also the farm called Brooklyn, a mile south west of the Peppers,
Collinsfield mortgage free and death duties free also.
Leo their youngest son, when he married he inherited The Peppers,
Collinsfield also mortgage free and death duties free.
Grandparents did this as, my father told me, many years before
they died so their sons and their wives would not have to carry
the heavy burden of mortgages as they had to in those early days
of colonisation in their young lives. For income our Grandparents
accepted a small rent from each of them yearly, if it was a bad
year, my father said he would cancel their rent.
Grandparents were very highly respected by all who knew them.
They were very charitable, Grandma and her great friend Mrs. Phillis
every Thursday would visit around the district, especially the
young mothers sick in bed and unable to cope for time, these women
would take some cooking also sponge these young mothers and make
them comfortable. Grandpa was also so generous towards civic and
church demands; he asked that his donations not be known, as my
father told me.
and Grandpa about, or maybe a little later, than the turn of the
century left "The Peppers, and retired and bought the home
at Semaphore from a Mr Darling a well known flour miller of Adelaide.
They lived there happily until Grandma died 7.12.13. Grandpa died
about 1918 or 1919.